A scheme of vowel gradation is (in principle) acheived as follows:
This can written out (with a few exceptions) as:
√ are quoted differently having:
1) √A = Ai
2) √A = Yia.
The second kind is capable of weakening as seen above. This is called samprasāraṇa.
√ having A in the vṛddhi-row is denoted by V√
√ having A in the guṇa-row is denoted by G√
√ having A in the [normal]-row is denoted by √
1) √ of the first kind in the [normal]-row or
2) √ of the second kind in the [samprasāraṇa]-row.
WA denotes the A in W√.
√ = 1K √A2K which are prosodically long show no gradation
Copyright © 2005 Lennart Warnemyr