√ dhṛ, “hold”
I. dhareran AŚS1.; adhāram R1
dhriyáte etc. V.+,-ti etc. E.+
Simple Future: dhariṣyati etc. E.+,-te etc. AV.+
Periphrastic Future: dhartā C
√-Ao: dhṛthās AV.; adhāri C
RAo: ádīdharat etc. V.B.S. (dīdhar, didhṛtam -tá RV.),-rata (3s.) ŚB
dadhāra etc. (dadhartha) JB.E.+; dādhā́ra V.B. (dādhártha RV.TA.); dadhré etc. V.+
dhāráyati -te etc. V.+ (dhāryáte E.+; didhārayiṣa- S.C.)
didhīrṣa- (in d.) didhariṣate
dardharṣi adardhar RV.; dādharti dādhrati dādhartu B. (dadhartu ? AVP.; dādhārayati JB.)
(dharati, dharate), PPP dhṛtá (q.v.); Caus. dhārayate), PPP dhṛtá (q.v.); Caus. dhārayati, te = S. hold, bear, carry on, keep down, suppress, keep back i.e. own to (D or G); withstand, resist; uphold, maintain, preserve, support, wear, use, possess; turn the mind or set the heart on (L or D), be determined to (Inf). With garbham become or be pregnant; w. daṇḍam or damam inflict punishment on (L); w. vratám observe a vow; w. mūrdhnā (dhni) or śirasā (si) honour highly; w. tulayā weigh, measure; manasā bear in mind, remember; ātmānam, prāṇān, śarīram, etc. live on, survive. P. dhriyate (ti) be held, borne, etc., mostly = P intrans. Int dárdharti & dādharti hold fast; establish, fix.
adhi bring upon. carry over to, communicate (L).
abhi maintain, uphold, withstand.
ava settle, establish, state, assume as certain, consider as (2A or A & N w. iti); learn, hear, understand, perceive, observe, ponder.
ā uphold, preserve, keep (esp. in the memory), put on or to (L). P. ādhriyate be (contained) in (L).
ud draw out, elevate, raise, further. samud maintain, support.
upa bear, support, take for, consider as (2A); learn, hear, perceive, observe, think over.
ni lay down in, bring to (L); appoint, render (2A).
nis take out, set off, ascertain, decide.
pra keep in mind, think over, ponder; w. manas set the mind on (D), determine; w. daṇḍam = S. saṃpra commit, entrust to (D); w. buddhim & L = prec. w. manas & D, manasā = S; make up the mind, resolve, settle.
vi hold, bear; keep asunder, separate, distribute, arrange; keep from (Ab), withhold, suppress; support, preserve, guard; w. manas set the mind upon (L).
sam keep together, bear, support, maintain; keep in mind, remember; keep back, withhold, resist; hold, wear, possess; w. manas = prec.
Copyright © 2005 Lennart Warnemyr