√ sad, “sit”
I. sī́dati etc. V.+,-te etc. RV1.E.+
II. sátsi V
Simple Future: satsyati etc. B.S.; sīdiṣyati C
Periphrastic Future: sattā
√-Ao: sā́di RV
Th Ao: ásadat etc. V.+ (sádathas RV., sadas etc. V.+, sadeyam etc. V.B.S., sadatu etc. sádatam V.B.S., sádant RV., sadantām AV., sādat- RV.)
RAo: asīṣadat etc. B
-s-Ao: sátsat RV
-iṣ-Ao: asādīt TA
Ao/Ps/3/sg: ásādi RV
sasā́da sedús etc. V.+ (sasáttha RV.; sasadyāt AV.; sīdatus E.), sedire RV
sādáyati etc. V.+,-te etc. V.+ (sādyate etc. B.+; sisādayiṣa- in d.)
The stem sada, so far as accented sáda, is perhaps rather a present-stem.
sī́dati 1 v (te), PPP sattá & sanná (q.v.) sit, seat one's self (esp. for a sacrifice) on, at, or in (A or L); lie down, around or in wait for (A); sink beneath a burden, feel ill, become feeble, tired or languid, be overcome, fall into trouble, distress, or despair; decay, vanish. Caus. sā́dayati cause to sit down; set or place in, at, or on (L); afflict, distress, bring down, ruin, destroy.
anu sit down after another.
ava stand opposite, threaten, menace (A).
ava descend upon (A); sink down, fall away, grow lean or feeble, get into trouble or distress, despair, perish. Caus. sink (trans.), depress, bring down, afflict, pain, overcome, destroy.
ā sit upon or near (A or L) preside over (A); waylay, watch; get to, arrive at, approach (as friend or foe), meet with, find, hit, gain, obtain. Caus. cause to sit down upon, set or place in (L or A), appoint to (Inf); cause, produce; approach, come near (A), encounter, meet with; overtake, attack, assail; get or fall into (A); gain, obtain; visit, befall; use, apply. adhyā sit down upon (A). abhyā the same; reach, attain. upā sit down upon (A). Caus. approach, obtain, receive. nyā sit down near, in, or upon (L or A). pratyā be near or imminent. samā get to, reach, attain; come near, approach (L or A); meet, encounter; attack, assail. Caus. = S.
ud withdraw from (A), escape (G); disappear, perish. Caus. put aside, remove, extinguish, destroy; smear, anoint upod & pratyud betake one's self to (A). samud Caus. destroy, ruin.
upa sit upon (A) or near; approach (as foe, pupil, or supplicant). Caus. put down or beside; get, obtain. abhyupa Caus. get to, attain. pratyupa sit down near (A). samupa betake one's self to, reach, attain (A).
ni (ṣīdati) sit or lie down, take one's seat (r.), be seated upon (L), perform by sitting i.e. celebrate (a Sattra); sink, perish. Caus. cause to sit or kneel down; constitute, appoint (2A). adhini settle down in (L). abhini settle down about or near (A). upani approach, set about (A). parini sit or stay around. vini sit down separately. saṃni sit down (together).
pari (ṣīdati) sit down about, surround, invest, besiege.
pra decay, decline, fall into the power of (A); become clear (lit. & fig.), cheer up; be soothed or appeased; pardon, forgive, be gracious or favourable, deign to (Inf), succeed or speed well. Caus. clear, brighten up, gladden, soothe, appease, make favourable, beg pardon, ask for or to (Inf, D, or L, arthe or artham). abhipra settle down. Caus. propitiate, gladden, ask. saṃpra cheer up, be gracious or favourable. Caus. propitiate, make favourable.
vi (ṣīdati be perplexed or dejected, despair, despond. Caus. vex, grieve, bring into despair.
sam sit together with (I) upon (A); Ā settle down, shrink, perish, be dejected or distressed. Caus. set down (together); meet, join (A); depress, make sad.
Cf. avasanna, ā́sanna, āsādya, útsanna, upasanna, niṣaṇá, níṣatta, pratyāsanna (add.), prasattá, prasanna, viṣaṇa, saṃsanná, samāsanna, samāsādya.
Copyright © 2005 Lennart Warnemyr