√ vṛdh, “grow”
I. várdhati -te etc. V.+
Simple Future: vartsyati C. vardhiṣyate
Periphrastic Future: vardhitā
Th Ao: avṛdhat etc. V.B.S. (vṛdhātas vṛdhātu B., vṛdhánt V., vṛdhāná RV.)
RAo: avīvṛdhat etc. V.+,-dhata etc. V.B.S
-iṣ-Ao: avardhiṣṭa etc. E.+ (vardhiṣīmáhi B.S.)
vavárdha vavṛdhe etc. V.+ (vāvṛdhús etc. vāvṛdhé etc. V.; vāvṛdhāti -dhīthā́s -dhásva etc. RV.,-dhéte AV., vā̆vṛdhánt V.)
vardháyati -te etc. V.+ (vivardhayiṣa in d.); vardhāpayati C
vivṛtsa- , vivardhiṣa-
Compare √ ṛdh. The asserted √ 2 vṛdh “cut” (used only of the navelstring) rests on a too narrow foundation to be admitted; it is probably a specialized application of this root.
várdhati várdhate v PPP vṛddhá 1 (q.v.) P make to grow, elevate, strengthen, cheer, gladden, rouse, inspire; Ā (P) grow, thrive, increase in (A); spread, expand, lengthen (days); be blessed or fortunate (diṣṭhyā). Caus. vardháyati, te P elevate, rear, bring up, promote, further, make great or strong; delight, cheer, inspire (Ā intrans. or refl.).
ati grow beyond.
anu grow after another or in proportion with (A); grow or increase gradually.
abhi grow up, grow stronger or greater, thrive or increase in (I), spread, expand, grow beyond (A), surpass.
ā P cause to grow, Ā grow, increase.
pari grow up, increase, get stronger or mightier. Caus. cause to swell (the sea); rear up, foster; gladden, delight.
pra P elevate, exalt, inspire; Ā (P) grow on or up, thrive, be animated or inspired. Caus. strengthen, augment, lengthen, bring up, promote, further, exalt. atipra grow beyond (A), surpass, exceed. saṃpra grow, increase, augment, thrive.
vi grow, increase, swell, thrive, be blessed or fortunate; rise, originate. saṃvi thrive.
sam P grant, fulfil (a wish); grow, increase. Caus. make to grow or thrive, bring up, rear, nourish, feed, strengthen, promote, cherish, embellish.
Cf. atipravṛddha, ativṛddha, právṛddha (sic!), vivṛddha, saṃvṛddha.
Copyright © 2005 Lennart Warnemyr